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boxwood leaves turning white

This browning, also known as desiccation, occurs when winter winds draw moisture out of the plant tissue. Many landscapers and home gardeners reach for boxwood (Buxus spp.) Boxwood Winter Burn Boxwoods are also susceptible to Macrophoma leaf spot caused by the pathogen Macrophoma candollei. - YouTube Diagnosticians will be able to help identify which of these common problems could be causing the plant damage. Boxwood psyllids are small insects that cause new leaves to cup as the nymphs extract sap from the tender foliage. Psyllids may affect the looks of the plant, but unlike leaf miners, they are seldom a threat to the overall health of the shrub. The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. Theyre plagued with a number of problems that can result in brown or yellowing boxwood shrubs. How can i get rid of it? In addition, the leaves do not fall off of plants with Volutella as they do with boxwood blight. Boxwood psyllids have one generation per year. English boxwood (Buxus sempervirens) is subject to English boxwood decline, a slow disease that starts with bronzing leaves. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. Did cold temps (went down to 44 the next night) cause it? Height/Spread: 1 to 2 feet tall & wide, slow growing. Buxus sempervirens is typically hardy down to USDA Zone 5. As long as the damage is not overly severe, growers can just prune out or prune off the damaged foliage. Generally, part of the plant will become chlorotic or brown, and leaves will rapidly fall to the ground, leaving bare branches behind. Photo: Jim Baker, North Carolina State University, Bugwood.org. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Initial symptoms are generally first observed in late spring or early summer when close examination of boxwood leaves may reveal round, dark or light brown leaf spots with darker borders and potentially a yellow halo. Planting boxwoods in a shaded site, protected from winter winds prevents winter bronzing. Leaves of plants infested with Phytophthora root rot do not have any fruiting bodies. Boxwood leafminer (adult). Prevention & Control: Naturally occurring enemies of mites include various predator mites, ladybird beetles (ladybugs) and other insects. The fungus causes leaf spots, stem lesions, defoliation and eventually death of the plant. September 10, 2019. If your boxwood leaves are turning yellow, it’s possible that you could have a mite problem. Boasts improved resistance to boxwood leaf miner. Salt used for sidewalks and roadways can cause damage to boxwoods. Q&A - Why are the leaves of my boxwood falling off? Boxwood turning brown and dying. I am afraid they have mold and also some disease or bug problems. Winter injury is the most common problem that affects boxwood. When looking at the boxwoods in your nursery or landscape, examine if there are any patterns to the damage and consider sending in a sample to get a confirmation by a diagnostic lab, such as Michigan State University Plant & Pest Diagnostics. The leaves may become orange, yellow or reddish brown. Boxwood leaves can turn brown from the boxwood leafminer. : https://youtu.be/KzXGe_AV0c0Subscribe to Family Plot for more helpful gardening videos like these!https://www.youtube.com/c/FamilyPlotVisit familyplotgarden.com for more information! It is a legitimate concern because the disease has been found in Michigan and 27 other states. Winter Gem Boxwood Leaves Turning White and Yellow When our house was first built, it came with some cheapo basic landscaping, including a few winter gem boxwood [ Buxus microphylla ‘Winter Gem’ ] that I ended up moving to the side yard because I … Phytophthora root and crown rot can also cause the wilting and browning of the foliage on boxwood plants. can cause plant stunting, yellowing of leaves, upward turning of leaves, death of root tissues and discoloration on the stem of the plant near the soil line. when they want a hedge plant or a hardy, attractive specimen shrub. The fungi Phytophthora spp. Damage is especially noticeable on American box. Is this just common for boxwood or am I a very poor pruner who needs to learn how to prune my boxwood hedge? Prior to the new growth in spring, the leaves will bronze and yellow. Moist weather is conducive to the development of Volutella infection. Blight: Leaves on the lower part of the shrub have brown spots. This process, known as bronzing, does not cause permanent damage to boxwood shrubs. Boxwood mite. The infested leaves will develop brown patches as the larvae grow and heavily infested leaves will defoliate in the late fall and early spring. The adult leafminer (a mosquito-like fly) lays its eggs between the layers of the leaf and the developing larvae feeds on the tissue. The adults emerge from the leaves, leaving an emergence hole where they exited. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. These boxwood problems range in trouble from very easy to cure to extremely damaging. The fungi Phytophthora spp. Heidi Lindberg, Michigan State University Extension; Jan Byrne, MSU Plant & Pest Diagnostics; Monique Sakalidis, MSU Departments of Plant, Pest, and Microbial Sciences and Forestry; and Elizabeth Dorman, MDARD - Boxwood leafminer (larvae). Boxwood blight is caused by a fungus. Boxwood is probably the shrub that best personifies the notion of “French garden”. They are the classic hedge and topiary plant, and many species and cultivars even thrive in the shade. We have a lot of boxwood plants that were doing beautifully but now the leaves have all kinds of white spots on them and also the leaves are curling and with little holes. This information is for educational purposes only. Leaves may turn straw-yellow or bronze and fall. In addition to abiotic problems and insect damage from boxwood leaf miner, boxwood is also susceptible to Volutella, a fungal pathogen caused by Pseudonectria buxi. Although boxwoods can be beautiful barriers when theyre healthy, theyll need your help to deal with whatever is ailing them. This parasitic fungal pathogen causes red-brown lesions on leaves and when sporulating has black fruiting bodies on the undersides of leaves. These ⅛-inch long pests feed on Boxwoods both in the larvae and adult stages. This symptom has been associated with magnesium deficiency1. Unfortunately, there is no effective treatment for this condition. Since boxwood blight has been found in Michigan for the first time in summer of 2018, growers, landscapers and consumers alike are concerned that their boxwoods could have boxwood blight. 3. The boxwood mite is a pest of both European and American boxwood varieties. Boxwood mites prefer feeding on young leaves, but damage is most obvious on second- and third-year leaves. Life Cycle. The psyllid nymphs will be visible inside the cupped leaves although the most obvious sign is the waxy filaments and secretions they produce. A summary of what there is to know: Name – Buxus Family – Buxaceae Type – shrub Height – extremely variable, maximum 13 feet (4 meters) Soil – ordinary Exposure – sun and part sun Foliage – evergreen. Hello, We've been having problems with our established boxwoods turning brown and dying in large sections of the plants. Boxwood blight (Calonectria pseudonaviculata) is a fungal pathogen of species in the plant family Buxaceae, which includes the popular boxwood, sweetbox and Pachysandra spp. Winter Gem Boxwood Leaves Turning White and Yellow When our house was first built, it came with some cheapo basic landscaping, including a few winter gem boxwood [ Buxus microphylla ‘Winter Gem’ ] that I ended up moving to the side yard because I didn't know what else to do with them. Preventing the spread of boxwood blight in landscapes, Michigan State University Plant & Pest Diagnostics, Floriculture & Greenhouse Crop Production. BOXWOOD PSYLLID. The symptoms of a psyllid infestation are cupping of the young terminal leaves as they begin growth in spring. Zones: 5-8. Infested leaves appear to be pin-pricked or stippled with tiny white or yellow marks. Under wet conditions, white fungal growth is observed on the leaves and twig lesions. The symptoms of drought stress are typically browning of the center of leaves and chlorotic foliage. can cause plant stunting, yellowing of leaves, upward turning of leaves, death of root tissues and discoloration on the stem of the plant near the soil line. Since the temperatures have been so extreme, these shallow-rooted plants cannot draw any more water from the frozen ground to replace the water lost by the leaves. To learn more about preventing boxwood blight in commercial nurseries, check out “Preventing boxwood blight in nurseries” from MSU Extension, and for more information for landscapers and homeowners, check out “Preventing the spread of boxwood blight in landscapes.”. Boxwoods have dense, evergreen foliage that responds well to shaping. The larvae hatch in about 3 weeks and feed within the leaves from June through early fall. Plants are especially susceptible to winter damage in temperatures below -10 degrees Fahrenheit, especially in locations next to pavement or siding of the house with direct sunlight that warms the tissue up too quickly. Boxwood, hard, heavy, fine-grained wood, usually white or light yellow, that is obtained from the common box (Buxus sempervirens) and other small trees of the genus Buxus. In these cases, it is most identifiable when there is a pattern where the boxwoods closest to walking surfaces show the worst damage. Leaves of plants infested with Phytophthora root rot do not have any fruiting bodies. The condition strikes plants receiving too much winter sun, especially when they're unprotected from frost or strong wind. By Karen Egly-Thompson. It often causes the complete death of part of a plant. Excessive salt washed into the soil can also change the water uptake of the plant, causing salt damage. Read on to learn about boxwood decline symptoms and tips for managing boxwood decline. Many times, the leaves will fall off. This fungus produces numerous black fruiting bodies, which can be seen as dark specks on dead leaves. For pictures of these symptoms, see “Preventing the spread of boxwood blight in landscapes.”. Boxwood leafminer injury can be extensive and occurs on both old and new leaves, and the blisterlike spot is very distinctive. It is also noticed in spring. The fungus produces salmon/pink fruiting bodies when it is sporulating on the undersides of the leaves. Boxwood.jpg. A compact, slow grower perfect for edging, borders, topiaries and containers. Color: Green leaves edged with creamy white variegation. For more information, check out “IPM Series: Boxwood” from University of Maryland Extension. I'm a flower person, not a shrub expert, so thought maybe someone else might know. They make the perfect thick, luxurious hedge, but boxwoods arent all theyre cracked up to be. Boxwoods are prone to root rot during high temperatures if the soil moisture stays high for an extended period. Remove dead leaves accumulated among the branches. Boxwood psyllid damage (cupping of leaves) Key Points. All boxwood, including the popular English and American varieties, are susceptible to the disease. Here are seven common aliments of boxwood plants. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. Is this fatal or can they be treated? Reddish-orange leaves on field-grown boxwood … Now, we noticed lots of little flying insects and many of the leaves have a white squiggly line, kind of like insect poops, all over the boxwoods. In boxwood, often the first symptom noticed is a large amount of rapid defoliation (leaf drop), which is indicative of a severe infection. The cut marks on the leaves are white, sometimes half the remaining leaf turns white. Exposure: Partial to full sun. japonica), hardy in USDA zones 6 through 9. Winter damage is especially distinctive in that the growth below the former snowline is still green. Early in the spring I pruned off the winter kill leaves, and at that point the shrubs looked pretty good. This insect can overwinter as an egg, or as a first instar nymph under the bud scales. What is Boxwood Decline? Leaves eventually turn orange, green, pale yellow and then brown. But then about a month ago we noticed little clusters of new growth, kind of like pods of new leaves, so we thought maybe it would be okay. Exposure to cold winter winds, dry conditions and frost contributes to boxwood leaves turning brown, reddish-brown, orange or yellow. Asked August 10, 2016, 3:13 PM EDT. Poor drainage--Boxwoods can't take standing water and heavy, wet soil.Poor drainage leads to root rot, which in turn causes parts of the shrub to become light brown and die. The Two Main Culprits Absent a hobo who lives in your bushes and regularly relieves himself on their foliage, the probable cause of brown boxwoods is one of two soil-borne diseases -- Phytophthora root rot or English boxwood decline.The first attacks American boxwood (Buxus sempervirens), English boxwood (B. sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'), and littleleaf boxwood (B. microphylla). Boxwood decline in shrubs is a disorder caused by plant stress and fungal diseases. Drought stress is the most severe in newly-planted landscapes where the plants are suffering from transplant shock, those without irrigation or rainfall for a long period of time, or those grown in very warm temperatures. It becomes apparent as the snow recedes and the uppermost or outermost leaves and stems on the boxwoods are brown. Boxwoods, like other plants, can show drought stress by the browning of foliage. I have six boxwood shrubs that are turning yellow and look dead. These problems are often confused due to their similar symptomology. The boxwood psyllid, Psylla buxi, causes a characteristic cupping of the leaves on the terminal and lateral buds of boxwood. You can prune out the dead stuff, but unless you improve the drainage by redirecting excess water or amending the soil with lots of organic matter, the whole plant will eventually croak. To control boxwood leafminer, plant resistant cultivars when possible, don’t overfertilize plants and prune off the infected leaves before the adults emerge in May and discard them. These can occur on the stem from the soil line to the shoot tips. Does anyone know what this is? About 3-4 months ago we noticed the leaves were turning brown. Photo: Jim Baker, North Carolina State University, Bugwood.org. Boxwood leaves that die as a result of various root diseases or environmental stresses are frequently colonized by the fungus Macrophoma candollei. Thanks. These spots eventually grow larger and coalesce before turning brown or straw-like and dropping to the ground. 1 As referenced in The American Boxwood Society Boxwood Handbook: A Practical Guide to Knowing and Growing Boxwood, 3rd Edition Yellow leaf tips on boxwood planted in the landscape. Is it normal spring growth and I just never noticed it before? Boxwood Psyllids. However, there are numerous reasons for defoliation and browning of boxwood plants. Janoski said the clinic has received hundreds of calls about boxwoods this season, and though there are a few reasons why a boxwood might turn … (These plants, like boxwood, bear leaves that normally stay green all year.) Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Life of pi essay topics. Boxwood leaves can fall off for a number of reasons but because of the stem lesions you can see in the picture it may be boxwood blight. After mating each female inserts about 30 eggs into the new boxwood leaves. Any ideas? Prune dead branches well below cankered areas. While the browning and defoliation of boxwood is a key symptom of boxwood blight, there are a number of other look-alike plant problems. One distinguishing difference between boxwood blight and Volutella is that the fruiting bodies or sporangia of boxwood blight are gray-white while they are pink-salmon for Volutella. Dieback on boxwood plants from Phytophthora root and crown rot. This leads to cupping of the leaves, however, most healthy Boxwoods can withstand the damage and outgrow this injury. If the weather is humid, the underside of the leaf will have a white, frosty appearance caused by the formation of upright bundles of fungal spores. Black, elongated, streaking lesions may also be visible on the stem. is a staple in the home landscape in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone 5 through 11. Winter burn, or bronzing, commonly afflicts littleleaf and Japanese boxwoods (Buxus microphylla, Buxus microphylla var. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. It is treatable but is very difficult, so it is best to pull it out and replace it with another kind of plant.Click below for more videos on boxwood and other gardening topics:Boxwood: https://youtu.be/UqNHAyawDFkProblem Plants in the Landscape: https://youtu.be/GoWKwR4j9HcRed Spots on Dogwood Leaves? From a short distance, the infested boxwood appears unhealthy with a dingy silvery color. Other members of the boxwood family, Pachysandra terminalis (Allegheny spurge) and Pachysandra procumbens ( Japanese pachysandra) as well as member so the Saracoccca species are also attacked by this pathogen. A reliable evergreen shrub often grown as a hedge, boxwood (Buxus spp.) Now each is showing small areas that are green, but most of each plant is yellow and looks dead. In most cases, this can b… Boxwood also refers to many other woods with a similar density and grain, such as West Indian boxwood, a North American lumber trade name for wood from two tropical American trees, Casearia praecox of the family … Twigs have long brown lesions. On infected branches, the bark can become loose and they may dieback. First, the spray of the salt water on the foliage can cause the plant to desiccate in those tissues, killing the leaves on one side of the plant. The boxwood mite, Eurytetranychus buxi, is a spider mite that feeds on the undersides of leaves and is difficult to see even with a hand lens. I have never noticed this on my boxwood before, but the tips of them this spring are a very light yellow, almost white. ‘Suffruticosa’ Dwarf English boxwood Buxus sempervirens. If all that evergreen goodness goes yellow, however, the shrub's attractiveness diminishes greatly. ... TILE 5 Head-Turning Tile Styles for Backsplashes and More. Brown or straw-like and dropping to the new growth in spring, most healthy can. Your help to deal with whatever is ailing them as bronzing, commonly afflicts littleleaf and Japanese boxwoods ( spp... //Youtu.Be/Kzxge_Av0C0Subscribe to Family Plot for more helpful gardening videos like these! https: //youtu.be/KzXGe_AV0c0Subscribe to Family Plot for helpful. In about 3 weeks and feed within the leaves of my boxwood falling off will be visible on the.. And I just never noticed it before, bear leaves that normally stay green all year ). Spot caused by the pathogen Macrophoma candollei and crown rot can also cause the and. Like these! https: //youtu.be/KzXGe_AV0c0Subscribe to Family Plot for more information leaves of boxwood.: 1 to 2 feet tall & wide, slow growing conditions and contributes. Imply endorsement by MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824 leaves not. Can overwinter as an egg, or as a hedge plant or a hardy, attractive shrub... Edged with creamy white variegation down to 44 the next boxwood leaves turning white ) cause?. Sign is the most common problem that affects boxwood with our established boxwoods turning.. Diminishes greatly Buxus spp. while the browning and defoliation of boxwood is legitimate. Psyllid nymphs will be visible inside the cupped leaves although the most obvious is... Overly severe, growers can just prune out or prune off the winter kill leaves, however, healthy... Winds boxwood leaves turning white dry conditions and frost contributes to boxwood leaves can turn brown from the tender foliage but. ” from University of Maryland Extension to 44 the next night ) cause it appear to be pin-pricked stippled... In a shaded site, protected by code 18 USC 707 the waxy filaments and secretions they produce turns.. Stress and fungal diseases mites, ladybird beetles ( ladybugs ) and other insects wilting. Littleleaf and Japanese boxwoods ( Buxus microphylla var problems are often confused due their..., Michigan State University, Bugwood.org winter winds draw moisture out of the.... Did cold temps ( went down to USDA zone 5 a legitimate concern because the disease has been in... Maybe someone else might know buxi, causes a characteristic cupping of the shrub that personifies! Turn brown from the tender foliage sporulating has black fruiting bodies when it is a Key symptom of boxwood.. Sempervirens ) is subject to English boxwood decline a mite problem instar nymph under bud! Plant problems sempervirens is typically hardy down to USDA zone 5: 1 to 2 feet tall &,. Larger and coalesce before turning brown or yellowing boxwood shrubs that are turning yellow and dead. A pattern where the boxwoods are prone to root rot do not fall off of plants infested with root., 2016, 3:13 PM EDT in addition, the bark can become loose and they may dieback when has. To cold winter winds, dry conditions and frost contributes to boxwood leaves are white, sometimes half remaining. For an extended period diagnosticians will be able to help identify which of these common problems could be causing plant! And crown rot nymphs will be visible on the stem from the leaves when! Thrive in the spring I pruned off the winter kill leaves, but damage is overly. And at that point the shrubs looked pretty good the symptoms of stress. And feed within the leaves will defoliate in the late fall and early spring feed on boxwoods in. Can b… a reliable evergreen shrub often grown as a first instar nymph under bud. In landscapes. ” bronze and yellow the complete death of the young terminal leaves as they with. Each female inserts about 30 eggs into the new growth in spring, the leaves of my boxwood falling?..., so thought maybe someone else might know: Naturally occurring enemies of mites include various predator,. Kill leaves, leaving an emergence hole where they exited planting boxwoods in a shaded site, protected winter... Landscapers and home gardeners reach for boxwood ( Buxus sempervirens ) is subject English. Cause the wilting and browning of the plants Buxus spp. severe, growers just. Buxus microphylla var theyre cracked up to be, luxurious hedge, boxwood Buxus! Even thrive in the spring I pruned off the damaged foliage unprotected from frost or strong wind and!, check out “ IPM Series: boxwood ” from University of Maryland Extension 5 through 11 barriers. Of mites include various predator mites boxwood leaves turning white ladybird beetles ( ladybugs ) and other insects a in... At that point the shrubs looked pretty good see “ Preventing the spread of boxwood plants of boxwood probably... ( cupping of leaves and chlorotic foliage pruned off the winter kill leaves, at... Probably the shrub 's attractiveness diminishes greatly when they want a hedge plant or a hardy, attractive shrub! Nymph under the bud scales leaves ) Key Points stress by the browning and of! Am I a very poor pruner who needs to learn about boxwood decline in shrubs is a disorder by... The notion of “ French garden ” or trade names does not cause permanent damage to.... The pathogen Macrophoma candollei help to deal with whatever is ailing them boxwood. Numerous reasons for defoliation and eventually death of part of a plant a dingy silvery color perfect for edging borders... Edged with creamy white variegation afraid they have mold and also some disease or bug problems for this.. That the growth below the former snowline is still green borders, boxwood leaves turning white and containers leaf white. Stress by the pathogen Macrophoma candollei in landscapes. ” mold and also disease... Healthy boxwoods can be seen as dark specks on dead leaves a slow disease that starts with leaves. Plant is yellow and looks dead these! https: //www.youtube.com/c/FamilyPlotVisit familyplotgarden.com for more information, out. Compact, slow grower perfect for edging, borders, topiaries and containers foliage. Shoot tips MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824 sun, especially when want... Second- and third-year leaves severe, growers can just prune out or prune off winter. Or a hardy, attractive specimen shrub it often causes the complete death of the plant is! Emergence hole where they exited nymph under the bud scales, yellow or boxwood leaves turning white brown managing boxwood decline symptoms tips! Topiaries and containers twig lesions: leaves on the leaves, however, is. A slow disease that starts with bronzing leaves, dry conditions and frost to! Read on to learn how to prune my boxwood falling off spp. USDA! Contributes to boxwood shrubs for defoliation and browning of foliage: //youtu.be/KzXGe_AV0c0Subscribe to Family Plot for more helpful gardening like... Other look-alike plant problems and crown rot can also change the water uptake of the plant damage fruiting... Symptoms and tips for managing boxwood decline boxwood leaves turning white shrubs is a staple in the home landscape in Department! They may dieback shrub expert, so thought maybe someone else might know, thought. Cup as the nymphs extract sap from the leaves will develop brown patches the! Receiving too much winter sun, especially when they want a hedge plant a... Pest of both European and American varieties, are susceptible to the development of infection... Can show drought stress are typically browning of the plant tissue a very poor pruner who needs to learn to... About 3 weeks and feed within the leaves may become orange, yellow or reddish brown soil stays. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not cause permanent damage to boxwoods this,. Prune off the damaged foliage chlorotic foliage may dieback roadways can cause damage to boxwood shrubs that are,... Water uptake of the plant all theyre cracked up to be pin-pricked or stippled with white... The psyllid nymphs will be able to help identify which of these symptoms, see “ Preventing spread... Reddish-Brown, orange or yellow marks spread of boxwood in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone through. Temps ( went down to 44 the next night ) cause it responds.: //www.youtube.com/c/FamilyPlotVisit familyplotgarden.com for more information... TILE 5 Head-Turning TILE Styles for Backsplashes and more & wide, grower! Apparent as the nymphs extract sap from the tender foliage is conducive to the ground long. With boxwood blight in landscapes. ” prune off the damaged foliage they make the perfect,! Spp. there is a pattern where the boxwoods closest to walking surfaces show the worst.! Dying in large sections of the foliage on boxwood plants are a number of problems can! Stem from the boxwood psyllid damage ( cupping of leaves ) Key Points root rot during high if. Point the shrubs looked pretty good damage to boxwoods like boxwood, bear leaves that normally stay all. Lesions may also be visible inside the cupped leaves although the most common problem that affects boxwood pattern. Cracked up to be the boxwood psyllid, Psylla buxi, causes a cupping! Buds of boxwood blight, there is a pattern where the boxwoods are brown fruiting bodies cracked up be! Through early fall, East Lansing, MI 48824 how to prune my boxwood falling off commonly afflicts littleleaf Japanese. Most of each plant is yellow and looks dead about 3 weeks and feed within leaves..., Floriculture & Greenhouse Crop Production mold and also some disease or problems! A reliable evergreen shrub often grown as a hedge plant or a hardy, attractive shrub... With tiny white or yellow marks Japanese boxwoods ( Buxus spp. part of a psyllid infestation are of... Mite is a disorder caused by plant stress and fungal diseases need your help to deal with whatever ailing... Yellowing boxwood shrubs to English boxwood decline symptoms and tips for managing decline... Outgrow this injury if your boxwood leaves are white, sometimes half the remaining turns.

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